The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog and is named after its place of origin in Chihuahua, Mexico. Chihuahuas come in many different varieties, and each is as unique as its owner.
Chihuahuas are known for their tiny size and large, dark eyes. They have large, erect ears, and a long, curled tail. These small dogs come in one of the largest varieties of colours, including black, white, chestnut, fawn, sand, silver, sable, steel blue, black, tan, or a mix. Not only can you get different coloured Chihuahuas, but dogs also vary by their coat length: long or short. Surprisingly, long-haired Chihuahuas tend to shed less than their short-haired cousins. As a result of all these variations, no two Chihuahuas are the same.
The average Chihuahua (both male and female) stands at about 15 – 23 cm tall and weighs just 1.7 – 3 kg. Like other small dog breeds, the Chihuahua has a rather long lifespan – up to 18 years.
Despite their small stature and the temptation to carry them around, the Chihuahua has a lot of energy. They should be taken on a daily walk and allowed to roam in an enclosed indoor or outdoor space. If their exercise needs are not satisfied, the dog may become anxious, neurotic, and develop a number of other behavioural problems.